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What is Bio enzyme?

A bio enzyme is produced by microbes. When a particular microbe is placed in the right biological environment (that is, a place with the right temperature and correct food source), that microbe will produce enzymes that digest biological soils. That's where the prefix “bio” comes from.

How to Make Bio Enzymes:


  • Fruit and vegetable scraps (such as citrus peels, apple cores, etc.)

  • Brown sugar or jaggery

  • Water

  • A large plastic or glass container with a tight-fitting lid

  • A wooden or plastic spoon for stirring

  • Strainer or cheesecloth

  • Funnel (optional)

  1. Prepare the Scraps: Collect fruit and vegetable scraps. Wash them thoroughly to remove any dirt or pesticides. Chop them into smaller pieces to increase surface area and aid in fermentation.

  2. Mix Ingredients: In the container, layer the fruit and vegetable scraps with brown sugar or jaggery. The ratio is typically 1 part sugar to 3 parts scraps by weight. Ensure the container is only filled to about two-thirds of its capacity to allow space for fermentation gases.

  3. Add Water: Pour water into the container, covering the scraps and sugar completely. Leave some space at the top to prevent overflow during fermentation.

  4. Seal the Container: Close the container tightly with the lid. Make sure it's airtight to prevent the entry of insects or other contaminants.

  5. Fermentation: Place the container in a cool, dark place for fermentation. Stir the mixture gently every day for the first week to ensure proper fermentation and to release any built-up gases.

  6. Strain and Store: After about three months, strain the mixture using a strainer or cheesecloth to separate the liquid from the solid residue. The liquid is your bio enzyme concentrate. You can dilute it with water (usually 1 part concentrate to 10 parts water) before use.

  7. Storage: Store the bio enzyme concentrate in a clean, airtight container away from direct sunlight. It can last for several months to a year if stored properly.

  8. Utilization: Use the diluted bio enzyme solution for cleaning purposes, pest control, or as a natural fertilizer for plants.

By following these steps, you can make your own bio enzymes at home and enjoy their numerous benefits for household and environmental use.

Benefits of Bio Enzymes:

  1. Eco-friendly: Bio enzymes are made from natural ingredients, reducing reliance on chemical-based cleaners that can harm the environment.

  2. Cost-effective: They are made from kitchen waste, which would otherwise be thrown away, making them a low-cost alternative to commercial cleaners.

  3. Multi-purpose: Bio enzymes can be used for various cleaning purposes, such as kitchen surfaces, floors, bathrooms, and even as a natural pesticide for gardens.

  4. Biodegradable: Unlike many chemical cleaners, bio enzymes are biodegradable, which means they break down naturally without leaving harmful residues.

  5. Safe: They are non-toxic and safe to use around children and pets, making them an excellent choice for households looking to reduce exposure to harmful chemicals.

Eco-Friendly Laundry solution:

Creating an eco-friendly laundry solution involves using natural ingredients that are gentle on the environment, your clothes, and your skin. Here's a simple recipe for an eco-friendly laundry detergent:


  1. Soap Nuts or Soap Berries: Soap nuts are dried berries from the Sapindus mukorossi tree. They contain natural saponins, which act as a gentle detergent when mixed with water. You can find them in stores or online.

  2. Washing Soda: Washing soda, or sodium carbonate, helps to boost the cleaning power of the detergent and remove stains and odors.

  3. Essential Oils (Optional): Essential oils such as lavender, tea tree, or lemon can be added for fragrance and additional cleaning properties. Make sure to choose essential oils that are safe for use on fabrics.


  1. Prepare the Soap Nuts: If you're using whole soap nuts or soap berries, place 4-6 of them in a small cotton drawstring bag. If you're using soap nut powder, you can skip this step.

  2. Boil Water: Bring 4 cups of water to a boil in a saucepan.

  3. Add Soap Nuts: Once the water is boiling, add the soap nut-filled cotton bag to the saucepan. Reduce the heat to low and let the mixture simmer for about 30 minutes.

  4. Remove from Heat: After simmering, remove the saucepan from the heat and allow the mixture to cool.

  5. Remove the Bag: Once the mixture has cooled, remove the cotton bag with the soap nuts from the saucepan and discard the nuts. If you used soap nut powder, strain the mixture to remove any solids.

  6. Add Washing Soda: Stir in 2 tablespoons of washing soda until it dissolves completely.

  7. Add Essential Oils (Optional): If desired, add a few drops of your chosen essential oils for fragrance and additional cleaning properties. Stir well to combine.

  8. Transfer to Container: Pour the eco-friendly laundry solution into a clean, empty detergent bottle or another airtight container for storage.

  9. Usage: Use about 1/4 to 1/2 cup of the eco-friendly laundry solution per load of laundry, depending on the size of the load and the level of soiling. You can add it directly to the drum of the washing machine or to the detergent dispenser.

This homemade eco-friendly laundry solution is gentle on fabrics, effective at cleaning, and better for the environment than many commercial detergents. Plus, it's easy to make and customizable with different essential oils for fragrance.



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