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How to understand a dog's emotions and body language?

Updated: Dec 21, 2023

* We can understand the dog's emotions through their body language.

* There are so many emotions within them. There are good, hyper state, sad, anxiety, fear, aggression, etc.


* Calm assertive state :


A calm-assertive state is a state of calm with assertiveness. This state of dogs provides rules to their pack and they gathered into groups to hunting prey.

Wolf was the ancestors of dogs. The Alpha wolf is the leader of the pack and other dogs are the followers of the alpha dog. Alpha dog always shows their dominance to their followers. Dominance with assertiveness.

(Body language of Calm assertive state dog)


* When a dog is calm and assertive, her head, ears, and tail will be held up, but there will be a lack of tension in the body. If she wags her tail, it will be slow to moderate in speed, and rhythmic.


* Calm submissive state :



A Calm-submissive state is a state of calm with submissiveness. This state of dogs follows their leader and does their orders. And behave in a submissive way to their leader.


(Body language of Calm submissive state of dog)


* When a dog is calm and submissive, her ears will lie back against her head and the tail will droop to the middle position. Her body will appear relaxed. A calm, submissive dog will also frequently sit or lie down, with the most submissive dog placing her chin on her paws or the floor.


* Anxiety/ fearful state :




(Body language)


A relaxed dog will display an upward ear position, with the tail positioned downward. In comparison, an anxious or fearful dog will display a tense body posture, backward position of the ears, head-turning, and/or lip-smacking. The tail may also be tucked between the hind legs.


* Aggression State :




(Body language)

This threatening posture is used to chase another away or if need be to attack in order to protect possessions, pack, or self.


* Neutral Relaxed state :




(Body language)

These dogs typically have open mouths, relaxed or forward ears, and relaxed or soft eyes. The base of the tail is neutral (not too low or too high) and the tail itself is most likely wagging. These dogs probably want to interact with you or the other dogs in their environment.

























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